U.S. Army Public Health Command - Human Tick Testing Kit Program
PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Ellen Stromdahl
PROJECT POC: email@example.com
ADDRESS: United States Army Public Health Command, Army Institute of Public Health, 5158 Blackhawk Road, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21010-5403
The Department of Defense Human Tick Test Kit Program (HTTKP) is a free tick identification and pathogen testing service provided by the U.S. Army Public Health Command (USAPHC). Ticks collected in the continental U.S. by military personnel, military dependents and DOD civilian employees are submitted via the HTTKP for identification and pathogen screening by the Tick-Borne Disease Laboratory of the Laboratory Sciences Program of the USAPHC. This service was initiated in 1989 in response to the threat of Lyme disease but has since expanded to include Anaplasma phagocytophilum, the agent of human granulocytic anaplasmosis, Babesia microti, an agent of human babesiosis, Ehrlichia chaffeensis, the etiological agent of human monocytic ehrlichiosis (HME), Ehrlichia ewingii, spotted fever group (SFG) rickettsiae, specifically, Rickettsia rickettsii, the agent of Rocky Mountain spotted fever and Rickettsia parkeri, the agent of Tidewater spotted fever. Tick specimens are identified using morphology and pathogens are detected using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Collection locations and pathogen screening results are databased and used to inform tick-borne disease risk assessment for DoD personnel and their families within the U.S. To date, there are 24,165 tick records published in VM from the HTTKP.
Data was provided to VectorMap by Ellen Stromdahl (Army Institute of Public Health, U.S. Army Public Health Command, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD, USA)
Stromdahl, E. Y. et al. 2014. Comparison of phenology and pathogen prevalence, including infection with the Ehrlichia muris-like (EML) agent, of Ixodes scapularis removed from soldiers in the midwestern and the northeastern United States over a 15 year period (1997-2012). Parasites & Vectors 2014, 7:553.
Stromdahl, E. Y., Hickling G.J. 2014. Beyond Lyme: Aetiology of tick-borne human diseases with emphasis on the South-Eastern United States. Zoonoses Public Health 59 (Suppl. 2) (2012) 48–64.
Murphree, Rendi CDR. et al. 2009. Prospective Health Assessment of Fort Campbell, Kentucky Patrons Bitten by Ticks. Military Medicine, 174, 4:419.
Stromdahl, E. Y. et al. 2007. Ten Years Of Ticks Submitted To The Human Tick Test Kit Program of The US Army Center for Health Promotion And Preventive Medicine. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine And Hygiene. 77(5) 125.
Jiang, J. et al. 2006. A New Protocol For The Detection and Identification of Rickettsiae in Ticks Removed From Military Personnel. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine And Hygiene. 75(5): 105.
Stromdahl, E. Y. et al. 2003. Evidence of Borrelia lonestari DNA in Amblyomma americanum (Acari: Ixodidae) Removed from Humans. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 41(12): 5557-5562.
Stromdahl, E. Y., S. R. Evans, J. J. O'Brien, and A. G. Gutierrez, 2001: Prevalence of infection in ticks submitted to the human tick test kit program of the U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine. J. Med. Entomol. 38, 67- 74.
Stromdahl, E. Y., P. C. Williamson, T. M. Kollars, Jr, S. R. Evans, R. K. Barry, M. A. Vince, and N. A. Dobbs, 2003: Evidence of Borrelia lonestari DNA in Amblyomma americanum (Acari: Ixodidae) removed from humans. J. Clin. Microbiol. 41, 5557-5562.
Stromdahl, E. Y., J. Jiang, M. Vince, and A. L. Richards, 2011: Infrequency of Rickettsia rickettsii in Dermacentor variabilis removed from humans, with comments on the role of other human-biting ticks associated with spotted fever group Rickettsiae in the United States. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 11, 969-977.