APHCR-W - long term mosquito surveillance from U.S. Army installations in 20 western states

PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Desmond H. Foley, Francis A. Maloney, Jr, Frederick J. Harrison, Richard C. Wilkerson, Leopoldo M. Rueda

INSTITUTIONS: Entomological Sciences Division, Public Health Command Region-West, Joint Base Lewis-McChord, WA. Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit of the Division of Entomology, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Suitland, MD.

GRANTING AGENCY: GEIS

 

Mosquito surveillance of military installations has been conducted and reported by the US Army since the early years of World War II. Baseline mosquito species collection data, standardized by trap index, have been reported annually, allowing comparisons between years and within a single year. Mosquito trap data at the US Army Public Health Command Region-West (APHCR-W) dates from 1947, making this one of the longest running mosquito surveillance programs in the world, and providing a unique resource for understanding changes in mosquito occurrence and abundance in the United States. These data were available via the APHCR-W website, but georeferencing, which allows collection locations to be mapped for spatial analyses, was lacking. Mosquito surveillance records from the APHCR-W have been georeferenced and made available online via VectorMap. An article available here briefly reviews the history of the APHCR-W surveillance program and some characteristics of the resulting dataset, which numbers over 100,000 records mainly from US Department of Defense (DoD) facilities in the western United States from 1947 to 2009. The value of past and future DoD mosquito surveillance efforts can be increased by reporting the location of collection data in online spatial databases such as VectorMap.

 

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